TOJNED - Volume 10 - Issue 3 - July 2020

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ACADEMIC WRITING LEARNING SKILLS: TEACHING FACTS AND EXPECTED REMDIES

Aissa HANIFI

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Writing as a skill still occupy an important space in the EFL teaching and learning spheres in general and in university curriculum in particular. Many reasons have worked together to make writing a skill that an important part of the students’ success in English language learning is a based on its mastery. Yet, EFL university students still face real challenges to manage the writing skill appropriately students claim that they still have difficulties to overcome major writing problems such as the lack of appropriate vocabulary and the insufficient knowledge of the English language writing conventions. Yet, students’ problems would seem more serious when dealing with academic writing aspects. At the late stage of the Master graduation, students attend academic writing course where they need to learn the basic skills of critical essay writing. It is at such a level of Master studies that teachers of the critical essay module are aroused by the complicated fact of the students’ mastery to the critical writing essay and analytical reasoning skills .The present paper aims at investigating the academic writing challenges of Master students at Chlef University and the possible strategies for addressing such academic and critical writing challenges. The study relied on an online survey submitted in the form of a Likert scale questionnaire to 27 Master students from Chlef University. Results revealed that Most students’ major problems are their poor sentence structure , their lack of mastery of academic writing conventions and their weak ability to analyze writing topics.

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DETERMINING THE LEVELS OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS' CHEMISTRY KNOWLEDGE ASSOCIATING WITH THE DAILY LIFE

Şafak ULUÇINAR SAĞIR

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The aim of this study is to find out how the university students explain the cases in their daily life by using chemistry knowledge. The method of the research is case study. The study group consists of university students who get chemistry education at an university in Middle Blacksea Region attending to Education Faculty and Vocational High School in 2016-2017 academic year. The sample of the study is 160 second grade students attending to science and elementary school teacher training departments of Education Faculty and chemistry first degree Vocational High School program. As a data collection tool, "Chemistry Knowledge Associating Daily Life Questionnaire" was used developed by researcher. In the first part of the questionnaire, the students were asked questions about demographic properties, the sources of knowledge they get in their daily life and the sources they used for solving problems. In the second section, two tailed questions about chemistry were asked. The students said that they use internet and their families to get knowledge and they benefit their experiences and traditions more than scientific knowledge to solve their problems. Most of the students chose the acceptable answers in offered cases but they were insufficient to make explanations. It was seen that the students could not give meaning to the cases they faced in their daily life with the chemistry knowledge they had. It can be suggested that the chemistry knowledge given to the university students should be related to problems they can face in the daily life and how they overcome these cases. 

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MONOLINGUAL TURKISH-SPEAKING CHILDREN’S COMPREHENSION OF RELATIVE CLAUSES

Eda KAHYALAR

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Comprehension and production of relative clauses in L1 Turkish has been the topic of many studies. The aim of the current descriptive study is to investigate whether five and six-year old monolingual Turkish-speaking children comprehend subject relative clauses or object relative clauses more easily. The study also aims to find out if there is a significant difference between the ages of five and six in terms of children’s comprehension of subject relative clauses and object relative clauses. The results indicate that children in both groups show higher accuracy in the comprehension of subject relative clauses than object relative clauses in a picture-selection task and that there is a significant development in terms of comprehension of subject relative clauses in L1 Turkish between the ages of five and six. 

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REVIEW OF PREVAILING TRENDS, BARRIERS AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES OF LEARNING MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (LMSS) IN HIGHER INSTITUTIONS

Mahammad Sharifov, Abdulsalam S. Mustafa

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Online learning is growing in popularity as education continues to revolutionise with existing and evolving technologies. Institutions and organisations alike are utilising online learning to respond to the demands of learners for a more convenient and adaptable Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL) system to sustain a progressive pedagogy. This is shown during the novel coronavirus (Covid-19) epidemic that has impacted educational institutions worldwide. Also, an online portal provides a platform for students to effectively study various courses with self-assurance; supported by various institutions to ensure the accuracy of information available. This review aims to provide an informed overview of e-learning platforms and review different features of Learning Management Systems (LMS), while exploring its implications, general issues and challenges. Additionally, the study approaches the e-learning pedagogical perspective in Azerbaijan. Furthermore, the review adopted the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist for the standard reporting.

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SOCIAL PROGRAM POLICY OF BANK INDONESIA AND WELFARE OF SOCIETY

Desty Prabandari, Ahmad Dardiri Hasyim, Hafid Zakariya

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Bank Indonesia Social Program (PSBI) is a form of social concern that Bank Indonesia has implemented in the community to help solve the economic problems faced by the community so that they can provide value for countries and institutions. Bank Indonesia's social assistance is packaged in the form of PSBI activities managed by the Public Relations Bureau and in the representative office conducted by the Communication Unit and policy coordination. The purpose of this research is to know the implementation of PSBI's representative office of Solo area in the effort to improve people's welfare in Surakarta. Based on the results of research and discussion that has been done, it is concluded that the PSBI KPw Bank Indonesia Solo Program is a manifestation of Good Corporate Governance. PSBI is based on the realization that central bank policies focused on economic stability efforts are not yet well understood by the public. Supporting the effectiveness of Bank Indonesia's duties in monetary stability and financial system. Bank Indonesia requires interaction communication with stakeholders that are well managed through PSBI.

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SPORTS AND HEALTH EDUCATION POLICY DEVELOPMENT FOR CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION IN NIGERIA: APPRAISAL OF THE FORE-RUNNERS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION

Sunday Oni Owojaiye, Simon Bobai Kayit

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The paper titled “Sports and Health Education Policy Development for Citizenship Education in Nigeria as an Appraisal of the Fore-Runners of Physical Education” was written. Issues galvanized to irk out the variables appreciative of citizenship education are: (i) Greek physical education and values, (ii) Physical education philosophers (iii) Physical education in Nigeria (iv) Reason for underdevelopment of sports in Nigeria (v) Concept of sports as courage, love and peace medium (vi) Behaviour as the aftermath of behaviour learning (vii) A movement model of behaviour (viii) Compendium of behavioural machine (ix) Motor learning and behaviour. It was observed that: (A) Sport was developed to foster national unity and promote peace. And its promotion was for detection of sports talents. (B) For creation of awareness in sports among citizens in the country regardless of age, class or position. (C) Create innate tendency to endure. (D) Combat the stressful and embarrassing situations.  It was however concluded that, the sport and  health policy essential for effective citizenship development,  the following  recommendations were  made: (1) Due to the fact that sports possess cognitive control, which is retention of conceptualized ideas, issues and knowledge and utility of these variables of human’s capabilities,it necessary to make life easy,through instillng  quality leadership directions, learning, planning and feedbacks.

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UTILIZATION OF OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES FOR LEARNING IN UNIVERSITIES IN KWARA STATE

Ahmed Idris ISSA, Mukhtar Adeola IBRAHIM, Amos Ochayi ONOJAH, Adenike Aderogba ONOJAH

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Open Educational Resources (OER) give users the benefit to; retain, reuse, revise, remix and redistribute. Despite the increasing awareness of these OERs among institutions and faculties, there is a low utilization among undergraduates. Hence, this study investigated the level of utilization of OER for learning among undergraduates. The study adopted a descriptive method of the quantitative research. 398 respondents were randomly sampled from 3 purposively selected area of specializations. Hypotheses 1 was tested using independent t-test while hypotheses 2 was tested using ANOVA. The findings of the study were: (i) A percentage of undergraduates do not make use of many of the listed OER; and There was a significance difference among undergraduates based on Gender and Area of Specialization in their Utilization of OER for learning. The study concluded that there is low adoption of many of the identified OER sites and the others being used has an average level of utilization. Thus, more awareness and utilization of OER among undergraduates would improve their learning process and also the quality of conducted studies.  The research recommends that lecturers should encourage students to make use of OER to assist their learning process and improve their research. 

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