TOJNED - Volume 13 - Issue 4 - October 2023

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ANALYZING THE DIFFUSION OF WHATSAPP AS AN INNOVATIVE COMMUNICATION TOOL IN MOROCCO: FACTORS AFFECTING USER ADOPTION, BEHAVIORS, AND ATTITUDES

Aytekin Isman, Houda El Mrassni

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This study will analyze the diffusion of the WhatsApp platform as an innovative communication tool in Morocco since the platform is seen as private and secure for communication, which is highly valued in Moroccan culture. In contrast, many Moroccans use it to connect with friends and family, share information, and conduct business. This study will also identify the factors that affect user adoption, behaviors, and attitudes. While WhatsApp has become a widely used communication tool in Morocco, little is known about the reasons for its widespread adoption, how it has been adapted to the local context, and what impact it has had on Moroccan communication practices and culture.
A qualitative research methodology will be used to collect and analyze data from in-depth interviews with 20 WhatsApp users in Morocco. Also, this study seeks to thoroughly examine the diffusion of the WhatsApp platform in Morocco and its impact on Moroccan communication practices and culture. It will also draw on existing literature on the diffusion of innovations and the role of social media in shaping communication practices. Also, the theory of diffusion and innovation by Rogers (1962) can be beneficial in analyzing the diffusion of WhatsApp as a creative messaging device in Morocco and understanding the factors that affect user adoption, behaviors, and attitudes.
The findings may indicate that the adoption of the WhatsApp platform in Morocco can be influenced by various factors, including its ease of use, affordability, and the capability to connect with friends and family. It may also reveal that the WhatsApp platform is employed for various things, including socializing, business communication, and political activism. However, there are concerns over the WhatsApp platform's potential for spreading misinformation and fake news, which can have a negative impact on Moroccan society and culture. This study could also shed light on the factors affecting user adoption, behaviors, and attitudes towards the WhatsApp platform in Morocco, which can inform strategies for promoting its effective and responsible use.

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BETTER TOGETHER? CO-TEACHING IN MATHEMATICS CLASSROOMS

Rachel S. G. Bower

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This article shares results of a feasibility study conducted in a middle school classroom that featured two general mathematics teachers acting as co-teachers. For the fall semester the teachers worked in tandem and documented the experience through journaling and various surveys. Student data was collected in the form of a questionnaire to gather insight into their feelings regarding having two mathematics teachers. This study paves the way for future efforts to consider the effectiveness of a co-teaching model on student achievement.

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CONSTRUCTIVIST PEDAGOGY IN THE AGE OF COVID-19: LESSONS FROM A TEACHER EDUCATOR’S PERSPECTIVE

Erold K. Bailey

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Formal education as we knew it came to an abrupt halt occasioned by the deadly COVID-19 pandemic. The deadly coronavirus rendered it unsafe to gather for educational activities. Consequently, a retreat to the “safety” of our homes was required to continue this important pursuit through remote modalities. The teacher-centered pedagogical approach that is widely practiced, and that learners are conditioned to appreciate, is not consistent with the paradigm-shift in learning that was required during the pandemic or any event that necessitates a switch to online learning. This paper focuses on how constructivism could serve as a valuable pedagogical approach in a situation such as we have experienced during the pandemic. In particular, the paper: (1) explicates how constructivist pedagogy is consistent with the online learning environment; and (2) offers practical strategies and examples developed from the teacher education perspective that could have relevance for future disruptions.

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DIGITAL DIVIDE AND ITS IMPACT ON THE STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE

Aissa Hanifi

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People across the different world societies are using information and communication technology (ICT)  for different purposes.Unfortunately , In comtempory societies ,some people have little access to ICT and thus cannot have effective participation in society compared with those who have better   acess.The purpose of this study is to test the impact of ICTS on university life in general and students’ performance in particular.The study relied on an online survey questionnaire which was administered to 30  undergraduate students in Chlef University.The findings of the survey revealed that there still an important number of students who do not have an easy access to ICT .Such limited access to ICTs is attributed to varied factors.Some students live in rural areas where  due to the poor Internet coverage , they face difficulties to compete with students who live in urban areas with a better ICT access.The lack of ICT access has hindered the students’ university performance in general and their language skills and  the exchange of information with teachers and classmates.

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EXAMINATION OF PRIMARY STUDENTS' OPINIONS ON DIGITAL ADDICTION

Yeliz Tosun, Fatma Pektunç, Ali Can, Rifat Can

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Examination of primary school students' views on digital addiction
Today's children grow up in an environment where the internet and interactive technologies are widely used from an early age. Therefore, children cannot be removed from this world, children are introduced to the digital world from an early age and live a connected life with this world. In this case, it is the responsibility of families and teachers to ensure that children are present in the digital environment in a safe and conscious way. Working with teachers
It was aimed to determine the knowledge of digital addiction and to reveal the solutions they suggested to 90 students who developed digital addiction.

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FACTORS AFFECTING THE MOTIVATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF WORKING IN THE BANKING AND FINANCE SECTOR

Arda Kortay

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At the top of business concepts such as productivity, resources and production are human and human-based motivation. Realizing that the employee is not a robot but a social being. The institutions have attached importance to motivation to enhance the organizational success. Providing the expectations of the workers from the conditions in the business environment increases firstly the motivation of the business and then the efficiency of the organization. In this study, the demographic, economic, psychological, social, organizational and managerial factors affecting the motivation of the employees were examined. The aim of the study was to identify the factors affecting the motivation of the employees. In the survey, a five-point Likert scale was used. The study covers 349 of the 2456 administrative staff at Erciyes University. It was determined that the demographic variables such as gender, working year and marital status had no affect on the motivation. The positive feelings of the employees about the work, especially about the work environment and the business conditions also bring motivation with it. As the working year of the staff increases in the institution, the sense of ownership for the workplace increases. Salary promotion has a positive effect on motivation in low-income personnel. The business environment, the human relations in the department in which they are worked and the praise and appreciation by the superiors are the main reasons that positively increase motivation. 

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HELPING FUTURE HEALERS: EVALUATING STUDENT EXPERIENTIAL WELLBEING IN LIGHT OF A PROACTIVE SUPPORT FRAMEWORK

Ruby Barrick, Yvonne Mbaki, Deborah Merrick, Timothy Simpson

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Medical students require a foundation of good physical and mental health to help prepare them for the healthcare systems of the 21st century. At the [name deleted to maintain the integrity of the review process] (UK), undergraduate medical students’ perceived wellbeing has been assessed following incorporation of a student-focussed support framework within the curriculum. Considering the unprecedented challenges faced by medical students during academic years 2019/20 and 2020/21, we provide an assessment and reflection on the effectiveness of current embedded support.  Students’ perceived wellbeing was assessed through two questionnaires given to cohorts of first- and second-year students at the start and end of the autumn semester during the academic years of 2019/20 and 2020/21. The data showed that second-year medical students’ maintained feelings of positivity, displayed undiminished levels of confidence and satisfaction with their course – even in the face of the global COVID-19 pandemic. However, first-year medical students showed lower levels of mood compared to previous years, as well as increased levels of stress and nervousness. This study has highlighted the strengths of face-to-face teaching in small groups for a student body (year 2) facing difficulties.  However, it also revealed that students who are transitioning to higher education in environments of limited face-to-face teaching would benefit from the implementation of extra wellbeing strategies to compensate for this deficit. Here, we discuss how support at stress “chokepoints” of the course is vital, and when combined with regular monitoring, must be primed to evolve for new challenges – even in the form of a global pandemic.

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INSTRUCTIONAL SUPERVISION OF THE SUPERVISION REVIEW OF ELIGIBILITY

Fatma Pektunç, Ali Can, Yeliz Tosun, Rifat Can

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Audit; Today, it is seen as the process of revealing the compliance of the practices with the determined goals and basic principles, preparing suggestions for change and development, and providing guidance (MEB, 2005; Vezne, 2006). This new understanding is called “Contemporary Education Supervision” (Deniz, 2017). Whether or not the supervision is carried out in accordance with the instructional supervision, which is one of the most important types of supervision, has been a matter of debate by education stakeholders for years. It is important to determine who can perform supervisory duties and the effects of school administrators on this issue. Knowing the positive-negative behaviors that can be exhibited to the supervised teacher in educational supervision and their effects will undoubtedly make the climate in the organization healthier. Adopting the duties and authorities of the lead supervisors by themselves will further increase the efficiency of the audit. The points that the supervised teachers pay attention to at all stages of the supervision process constitute their perspective on this process. For this reason, they expect the same leadership qualities that teachers expect, especially from school administrators, from their supervisors. Undoubtedly, leadership qualities should also be instilled in the audited stakeholders over time. These gains will be gained through good guidance and cooperation. Supervision is a long-lasting and permanent process, and the teacher's feeling of comfort and safety during this process will directly reflect positively on his performance, and as a result, he will even accept frequent supervision.

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METHODS TO INTEGRATE CHATGPT INTO UNIVERSITY TEACHING AND LEARNING

Chris Hill, John Little, Sweta Bharadwaj, Jace Hargis

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The release of OpenAI's ChatGPT at the end of 2022 posed significant challenges to universities that have necessitated adaptations to curricula and academic policies. This article describes a case study undertaken at an Applied University in the MENA (Middle East North Africa) region to explore the effectiveness of teaching strategies that incorporate ChatGPT into instruction and evaluation, with an emphasis on empowering students and improving their academic and professional communication skills. Through the instructor's reflections on research questions, this study explores instructional strategies that may help to transition students from passively accepting ChatGPT-generated responses to actively engaging in dialogue with the machine and acquiring deeper insights in the process. The study examines the utility of ChatGPT in facilitating active teaching strategies such as roleplays, debates, and thought experiments. It also examines the essential critical reading skills required to assess and evaluate ChatGPT’s output in terms of fact-checking and source evaluation. The results of the research provide practical suggestions for educators and guidance for integrating active learning through ChatGPT. This research highlights the importance of finding a balance between the benefits of AI technology and having students actively participate and develop their skills.

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OPINIONS OF SCHOOL MANAGERS AND TEACHERS ON EDUCATIONAL SUPERVISION IN THE CHANGE PROCESS

Derya Can Kandil, Şeyda Can Kandil, Zübeyde Okur Gökel

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This research was conducted to examine the views of school administrators and teachers on educational supervision in the process of change. The study is qualitative research. Personal information form developed by the researcher and semi-structured interview form were used as data collection tools. In this context, 20 teachers / school principals working in 5 primary schools affiliated to the Ministry of National Education were interviewed. It is seen that 45% of the participants are in the 35-44 age range, 35% are in the 25-34 age range and 20% are in the 45-59 age range. 55% of the participants are women, 45% are men, and 60% are married and 40% are single. In line with the answers to the questions, some themes were formed and interpreted. At the end of the research, it was determined that most of the participants saw supervision as a control mechanism and supervision of the suitability of the work done. In addition, it is seen that the participants support the abolition of the course supervision practice of the inspectors. Regarding the education supervision system, half of the participants argued that there were no planned and purposeful changes.

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THE EFFECT OF ONLINE EDUCATION ON THE ACADEMIC SUCCESS OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS DURING THE PANDEMIC PERIOD

Yeliz Hoşgör, Rifat Can, Fatma Pektunç, Ali Can

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The effect of online education during the pandemic period on the academic success of secondary school students (receiving both teachers’ and students’ opinions).
While receiving distance education at home using the possibilities of internet technology provides equal service to many people, it has achieved an important success in the education sector. Although those who cannot go to schools with formal education for various reasons can be trained in the same field with video lessons and live lessons, we can say that this advantage provided by technology allows the person to achieve great efficiency. Considering the success rate of distance education, it can be said that lecture videos are extremely high due to their easy visual memory retention. In this case, we can say that distance education gives a very high success rate according to the scores obtained in the diploma, the exam results and the participation rates of the students.

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THE EFFECT OF ORGANIZATIONAL SUPPORT ON ORGANIZATIONAL SILENCE

Özgür Alp Gazitepe

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In this study, which aims to determine whether there is any relationship between organizational support and organizational silence, relational survey model, one of the quantitative research methods, was used. The population of the study consists of all private and public sector employees in TRNC and the sample consists of 414 employees. Organizational support scale used in the study was developed by Eisenberger et al. (1986). In the study, organizational silence behavior was measured using the "Organizational Silence Scale" developed by Dyne, Ang and Betero (2003) and used in the research conducted by Taşkıran in 2011 and finalized by making various translations. Data analysis program (SPSS 26.0) was used for statistical analysis of the data to be collected with the questionnaires prepared within the scope of the objectives of the research.
At the end of the research, it was seen that female participants perceived higher organizational support than male participants. It was also found that perceived organizational support was higher in single employees than in married employees. The fact that married participants scored higher than single participants in the individual silence dimension indicate that married employees may be more timid and silent in expressing themselves.  A significant positive relationship was found between organizational support perception and organizational silence. This shows that employees are more inclined to remain silent when they do not receive sufficient support from their organizations. In conclusion, the results of the research suggest that it is important for organizations to develop support policies taking into account gender differences, marital status and career stages, to create a working environment where employees can freely express their thoughts and receive emotional support, and to reduce the tendency to silence by increasing organizational support.

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THE IMPACT OF TALENT MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL JUSTICE PERCEPTION ON ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT

Azmiye Yınal, Mustafa Zura, Damla Aligüllü

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This study is a quantitative research conducted to investigate the impact of talent management and organizational justice perception on organizational commitment, employing a correlational survey model. The population of the research comprises individuals working in the private sector in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). The sample consists of 285 employees working in the TRNC private sector who have agreed to participate in this study and hold at least a bachelor's degree. The research questionnaire was prepared using Google Forms and was administered on a voluntary basis between April 12, 2023, and May 11, 2023. Data analysis was performed using the SPSS 26.0 software.
The research findings revealed a significant positive relationship of 0.830 between talent management perception and organizational justice perception. The analysis also demonstrated a significant positive relationship of 0.674 between talent management perception and organizational commitment. Furthermore, there is a significant positive relationship of 0.634 between organizational justice perception and organizational commitment.
The research concluded that talent management perception has a significant impact on organizational commitment, explaining 67.4% of the variance in organizational commitment. The influence of employees' perceptions of talent management practices on their organizational commitment is found to be at the level of 0.507. In light of this information, it can be stated that employees' perceptions of talent management practices have a meaningful effect on their organizational commitment. Additionally, employees' perceptions of organizational justice were found to have a significant impact on their organizational commitment, with an effect size of 0.482. Consequently, it can be concluded that employees' perceptions of organizational justice have a significant influence on their organizational commitment.

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VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY STUDY OF THE DIGITAL WELL-BEING SCALE

Dönay Nisa Kara

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The state of well-being in using technology plays an essential role in society's general health, especially for individuals. For this reason, it is crucial to investigate the well-being of those who do professions that require the use of technology to be more successful in their career. Digital well-being reveals the satisfaction arising from people's use of technology or the difficulties arising from digital platforms. The rapid change of digital, like the rapid change of other technologies, affects people's lives positively or negatively. For example, the rapid shift in digitalization has reached an alarming level regarding its use in young people. Having a good time when young people use digital communication tools, namely social networks such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube, makes them feel better on social networking platforms. The concept of digital well-being explains that young people often feel more positive when they use digital communication tools. This study examined the effects of digital well-being on people, and the digital well-being scale was developed. Based on this idea, in this research, the social, environmental and mental states of digital technology use were examined for university students, where technology is essential in their profession. Within the scope of this study, the 'Digital Well-being Scale' was developed. The validity and reliability analyses of the scale were performed. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used in the validity analysis. As a result of the studies, the digital well-being of the participants was evaluated according to the variables such as gender and age with the remaining items. According to the study's validity and reliability analysis results, the digital well-being scale rated in 4-dimensional and 5-point Likert type with 12 items is valid and reliable. When the results were evaluated as a whole, it was revealed that the model was suitable for the data set as the original four-factor model proposed for the scale. 

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