TOJNED - Volume 6 - Issue 4 - October 2016

Complete Issue's PDF file

 

AN ASSESSMENT ON THE EXTENT OF EMPLEMENTATION OF THE DIOCESAN CATECHETICAL PROGRAM IN DISTRICT I AND DISTRICT III OF THE DIOCESE OF IMUS

Domingo Q. Reblora Jr.

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This research was an attempt to look into the extent of implementation of the
Diocesan Catechetical Program in 24 parishes under Districts I and III of the Diocese of
Imus. The research was carried out by gathering the following data through a survey
form questionnaire: Profile of the respondents in terms of age, gender, and length of
service in the parish Extent of the implementation of the Diocesan Catechetical Program
in terms of: goals/objectives resources: human, physical and financial. Results on
profile of the respondents revealed that District I and III have a middle aged manpower.
Majority of those involved in parish catechetical activities and organizations are female
(304), and only 19 males. One hundred eighty of the respondents served the parish
from 1-10 years but others served for almost 35 years. Results on goals/objectives and
resources (human, physical and financial) revealed that Districts I and III, in general are
able to implement the programs.With this, the researcher was led to a conclusion that
Districts I and III in general were able to implement the diocesan catechetical
program.Moreover, the researcher highlights that among the three resources, it is the
financial resources which obtained the lowest mean score. The generosity of the
catechists to shoulder personally some of the expenses necessary to accomplish their
catechetical tasks is remarkable. But still the Diocese of Imus must create a welldefined
program in generating funds for its catechetical program.

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AN EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF USING IPADS IN TEACHER EDUCATION

Ying W. Shen

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One hundred and fifteen teacher candidates completed an online survey for
this evaluation study from 2013-2015. Teacher educators were also interviewed to
shared their experiences and insights of using iPads in their courses. Teacher candidates
and faculty in the study had an overall positive experience of using iPads and they were
willing to share their feedback to improve the implementation of iPads in the School of
Education. Findings from the study have been used to inform the School of Education to
revise its policy and plans for further implementation of iPads in its teacher education
programs.

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AN EXAMINATION OF EDUCATORS’ ATTITUDES TOWARD INCLUSION

Bobbie J. Neal, Joshua Cuevas

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Educators responded to the Principals and Inclusion Survey, measuring the
experiences, training, attitudes of educators toward inclusion, and beliefs about the most
appropriate placement of students with disabilities. Results revealed that the educators
held a positive view of the inclusion model. However, the educators did not believe that
general education should be modified to meet the needs of all students. The educators
indicated that they believed that most of their students with disabilities could be served
appropriately from regular classroom instruction and the resource room. The more
positive the educators’ inclusive attitude was, the less restrictive the learning
environment was seen as most appropriate for specific learning disabilities, EBD,
speech/language impairment, and autism/pervasive development disorder. Significant
correlations were found between their attitude toward inclusion and the number of
special education training courses taken, formal field-based training, and number of
years of full-time special education teaching experience.

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ASSESSING TEACHERS’ PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY IN A POSTSECONDARY INSTITUTION IN SINGAPORE

Lee Ai Noi, David Kwok, Karen Goh

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This study reports an empirical study on the development and validation of a scale to assess
post-secondary teachers’ professional identity. A sample of 352 teachers from a post-secondary education
institution in Singapore voluntarily participated in this study. The sample was randomly split into two subsamples,
Sample 1 (N = 185) and Sample 2 (N = 167). Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted
in Sample 1 to determine the number of factors and select the items. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA)
was conducted in Sample 2 for cross-validation to confirm the factorial structure of the scale and examine
the model-data fit. Both EFA and CFA results provided support for a three-factor scale structure. The
three sub-scales were: teaching beliefs (5 items); professional socialisation (4 items); and career
progression (3 items). Each sub-scale showed good internal consistency reliability and predictive validity.
Potential uses of the scale in educational research and practice were discussed.

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DECISIONS REGARDING ORAL NEGATIVE FEEDBACK REVISITED

Bexi PERDOMO

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Negative feedback has important pedagogical implications. Teachers need to
review scientific literature to find out some help for decision making the classroom. The
aim of the present manuscript is to offer a review of key issues regarding error
correction in the foreign language classroom for teacher trainees, foreign language
teaching practitioners and researchers. It is a documental review based on iconic papers
which have been considered cornerstone on the topic as well as some recently published
research. Researchers have offered possible answers to those questions, but as not all
teaching contexts and students are the same, error treatment choices also vary. The
decision about when to correct is closely related to how to do it. Subjective variables
(e.g., affective, cognitive) are expected to be considered when selecting specific NF.
Lack of sound consistent empirical data shows the need for more research to clarify
remaining issues on negative feedback.

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DEVELOPING AN ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM IN MATHEMATICS STUDY HABITS FOR GRADE 7 STUDENTS IN SAN MANUEL, ISABELA, PHILIPPINES

Andrea E. DESCARGAR, Roldan S. CARDONA

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Students fail because they do not know how to study and the study habits of
students 30 years ago still rings true today (Pogue, 2000). This descriptive study is
aimed at revisiting and investigating the study habits and mathematics performance of
108 randomly selected Grade 7 students from the three public schools of the
Municipality of San Manuel, Isabela, Philippines. It utilized questionnaire, observation
and group interview as data-gathering instruments. To enrich the data, four teachers and
70 parents were also interviewed. Data were processed using frequency and percentage
distributions, mean, standard deviation, One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and
t-test, post-hoc analysis using Scheffe and effect size using eta square 2 , and
regression analysis. Findings revealed that students perceived study habits as a great
factor in attaining excellent academic performance; however, teachers perceived
students nowadays to have poor study habits. Meanwhile, parents opposed teachers’
perception affirm their children’s claim. Furthermore, students’ academic performance
in mathematics is adequately explained by their study habits and mothers occupation.
Consequently, the researcher proposed an enhancement program for the schools to
adopt to improve students’ performance and study habits in mathematics.

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EFL LEARNERS’ PREFERENCES FOR FEEDBACK TYPES FOR THEIR WRITTEN PRODUCTS

Ümran Üstünbaş, Sevda Çimen

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In recent years, while research on various feedback types has gained
increasing interest, the studies investigating language learners’ preferences for the
effective feedback type and amount which complement with their needs in writing skill
have been neglected. Furthermore, existing research merely focused on learners who
have high level of language proficiency in ESL context, but ignored the preferences of
EFL learners who have lower level of language proficiency. In this sense, the current
study aims to examine EFL learners’ preferences for the effective feedback type and
amount for writing skill. For this purpose, the participants of the study were selected
among low level EFL learners. As part of the data collection procedures, a questionnaire
including yes/no, Likert Scale; and open ended items based on qualitative and
quantitative research design was administered to learners to collect data and the findings
imply that EFL learners prefer to receive feedback for their errors.

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ENGLISH LANGUAGE USE AMONG ORAL COMMUNICATION MERANAO STUDENTS AND THEIR LANGUAGE LEARNING ORIENTATIONS: THE MSU MARAWI CASE

ANNIE MAE C. BEROWA

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This study investigated the frequency of English language use among Meranao
students of oral communication subject in the different speech domains in the Mindanao
State University (MSU), Marawi, and their orientation/s in using and learning the English
language. Meranao which means “people of the lake”, largely settle in the region
surrounding the basin of Lake Lanao who are adherents of Islam.
This study combined both quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis
procedure. This used purposive sampling method in gathering fifty (50) Meranao students
of Oral Communication subject as respondents of this study. For instrumentation,
questionnaire and focus group discussion (FGD) were employed.
It was found that, generally, the respondents sometimes use English language in the
different domains and speech situations in the university. Furthermore, respondents were
instrumentally oriented in their English language learning.

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EXTENSIVE READING: ITS EFFECTS TO LEARNERS’ GENERAL LANGUAGE COMPETENCE

Marilou VILLAS

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This study explores the objectives, effects, and drawbacks of a semester-long
Extensive Reading program among Thai university students. The extensive reading
program was piloted as a means to develop reading fluency and general language
competence. Participants are emerged in constant reading and get familiar with long
English texts to improve reading proficiency. Twenty-five students from Thai
university participated in this semester-long project in order to enhance their English
communication skills through reading. Students were required to read at least 3,000
headwords each week in 10 consecutive weeks following graded reading materials as a
standard set for this program. Also, they were required to submit a weekly book report
and give oral report on an alternate basis. Students read books based on the chosen
genres starting with beginner to fluent level. Several positive impacts were observed
including improvement on the reading ability and fluency as well as development in
reading habit. Despite some drawbacks, student feedbacks showed the program
motivated the participants and served as a springboard to develop communication skills
in English.

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FACTORS INFLUENCING STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE AND PERCEPTION TOWARD “WORLD CULTURE COURSE” – A CASE STUDY

Mohammad Wali Ullah, Wahid Murad

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In the era of increasing globalisation, the world communities cannot sidestep
the influence of cultural globalisation. Today’s widely perceived globalisation, which is
based mostly upon economic aspects, does also bring direct and indirect influences to
the nations’ culture giving a new shape to their cultural perception. This study is an
effort to discuss how an undergraduate course in world culture offered at Universiti
Malaysia Terengganu (UMT) develops the learning and cultural understanding of its
students. The course on global culture, however, provides a unique format for students
to learn about other cultures without travelling. Together with their peers at UMT,
students from two international partner universities, namely East Carolina University
and the University of Namibia communicate each other through live video conferencing
and interactive chat technology. Partner universities conduct classes during a semester
in a way, so each culture is partnered with two other cultures. Students discuss topics
ranging from college life, cultural traditions and family, and the meaning of life and
religion to stereotypes and prejudices. With data collected through a structured
questionnaire distributed to all 12 students, who took the course at UMT in the
preceding academic semester, the study specifically evaluates and analyses their
learning and perception toward the course, and discusses the implications of empirical
results at local, national, and international levels. Upon collecting data using a random
sampling technique, descriptive statistics such as frequency, mean, and standard
deviation has been calculated for all 22 variables in the original questionnaire. The one
sample t-test has then been employed for all the variables to see whether there is any
significant difference between the actual and observed responses provided by the
students concerning their learning and perception toward the course. However, the
empirical results show that this course creates awareness, sense of appreciation and
helps students in increasing their understanding and tolerance of global cultural
diversity. The study also finds that Malaysian culture offers less freedom compared to
USA culture. However, the experiment has shown that undertaking the world culture
course does not divert the students from their culture rather it causes a fundamental shift
in their views and values of the world culture as a universal sustainable culture.

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FACTORS INFLUENCING THE DROPOUT RATE IN ALTERNATIVE LEARNING SYSTEM – ACCREDITATION AND EQUIVALENCY PROGRAM

Erick B. Atilano, Rose Anne G. Omanito, Camille Joy Desipeda, Zayra Jane M. Domingo, Shari Naldee L. Garbin

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Illiteracy and poverty were the worst adversary the Philippine government
has been encountering. For many years, efforts and funds were expended by the
government to alleviate the problem that affects mostly the underprivileged citizens of
the country. In search for prompt gratification of their needs, children and youth
struggle to keep up with schooling and tend to satisfy their immediate concern by
dropping out of school. This research study aimed to look into the factors influencing
the dropout rate in Alternative Learning System – Accreditation and Equivalency
Program of the Department of Education (DepEd) in the Philippines. The result of this
study was utilized in planning and developing a proposed responsive guidance program
for the ALS learners. It was found out that majority of the reasons for dropping out from
the program happened due to lack of interest and employment.

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HEADWAY OF COGNITIVE SKILLS: METACOGNITIVE FACILITATION STRATEGY

Jewish Araneta-Merin

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Disputes on educational application and quality are posed with the budge
from teacher as specialist to catalyst. This quasi-experimental design aims to stare into
the effects of Metacognitive Facilitation Strategy on the cognitive skills of the students.
The profile of the respondents was based on the Dreyfus Model and the Revised
Bloom’s Taxonomy through pre-test and post test. In bridging the gap between the
learning style and the teaching strategy, the use of Metacognitive Facilitation Strategy
was focused. It is empowering for both the learners and the teacher and frees the teacher
from many of the burdens that having to be ‘specialist’ necessitate. This study surveyed
the influences of teaching strategy on its outcome on students’ school academic
undertakings. Consequences of the study revealed that there was a significant difference
in the academic achievement of the students’ pre-test and post test outcome after the
exposure to the Metacognitive Facilitation Strategy: thus metacognitive skills are
imperative organizers of the teaching-learning tasks. These facilitate planning, setting
goals, initiating work, sustaining future-oriented problem solving activities, monitoring
and managing progress on undertakings. These pointed out to the conclusion that
Metacognitive Facilitation Strategy has a constructive impact on pupils’ academic feat.

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HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ PERCEPTIONS TOWARD ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES: A PHENOMOLOGICAL STUDY

Seyide EROĞLU, Oktay BEKTAŞ, Ayşegül TARKIN

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The purpose of this study was to explore 10th grade high school students’
perceptions towards environmental issues such as air pollution, global warming,
greenhouse effects, ozone layer depletion, and acid rains. In the study,
phenomenological research design as a qualitative approach was utilized. Five students
from a high school participated to this study. Data were collected through semistructured
interviews and analyzed by doing content analysis. Results of the interviews
indicated that students confused the global warming, greenhouse effects, ozone layer
depletion, and acid rains. In addition, they thought that there were cause effect
relationships between greenhouse effect and ozone layer depletion, and between
greenhouse effect and acid rains. Moreover, it was revealed that students had some
misconceptions towards these issues. Although there was no direct relationship between
these issues, they always made connections between them. Based on the results, it was
suggested that the awareness of students should be increased with a variety of
environmental education. Scientific activities such as conferences, symposiums, and
panel should be executed. Moreover, students should be motivated in the courses during
primary, secondary and undergraduate education. Finally, the awareness of people about
the negative effects of environmental pollution should be raised by using the media.

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LIVING ARRANGEMENT PROBLEMS, ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AND COPING STRATEGIES OF FIRST YEAR COLLEGE STUDENTS

Loraine Suyu-Tattao

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The ability of the first year college students to cope with problems during
their first year in college is crucial for their adjustment. Thus, this study essentially
investigated the living arrangement problems, academic performance and coping
strategies of first year college students. It made use of the descriptive correlational
method of research with 975 respondents. The instruments used in the study are self
made questionnaire, documentary analysis and Coping Strategies Inventory. Results
show that most of them have Satisfactory Academic Performance and always use
emotion focused coping strategy specifically positive reinterpretation and growth,
acceptance and turning to religion. First year college students are in a time of transition
from living with their parents to living on their own. Their coping strategies are
important to help them deal with living arrangement problems they encounter.

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MULTIPLE CHOICE TEST RANDOMIZER

Excel Philip B. GUIDANG

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Computer Aided Assessment (CAA) has been deployed in higher education
to administer examinations in which the responses are electronically recorded, assessed,
or both. This study developed and assessed the Multiple Choice Test Randomizer.
Specifically, it achieved the following objectives: Identified the preferred delivery
method of assessment of the Students; identified the preferred type of test of the
Students; identified the procedures of Testing Administration and Scoring; Developed
the Multiple Choice Test Randomizer (MCTR); and determined the usability of MCTR.
The study found out that 50.86% of the responses were computer aided, 43.43% were
paper and pencil, 4.5% were board work and 1.4% was others; 45.14 of the responses
were multiple choice, 22.29% were true or false, 17.14% were essay 14.86% were
matching type and .57% were others; Test papers were distributed by the professors to
students; Incremental Build Model is used in software development and software was
usable.
The researcher concludes that the Students prefer computer-aided; Students prefer
multiple choice tests; testing administration is manual; Incremental Build Model is an
effective tool in software development HTML, CSS, PHP and MySql were effective
tools; and software was evaluated usable.

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PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT ON PUPILS’ PERFORMANCE: EPSTEIN’S FRAMEWORK

Kathlene Joy Caño, Mary Grace Cape, Jacient Mar Cardosa, Carolyn Miot, Gee Rianne Pitogo, Cherrie Mae Quinio, Jewish Merin

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Parental connection capitulate pupils enhanced performance in school; thus
families must ascertain a supportive home environment for their children as learners.
This study surveyed the influences of parent-supported using Epstein’s framework on
the different parenting styles and on its effect on bridging the gap between parents,
pupils and school routine. It also viewed on parents’ socioeconomic status and
educational attainment to verify if these could affect the parental involvement. The
study utilized the naturalistic paradigm along with varied instruments which constituted
the qualitative-explanatory approach to cross check the data gathered. The results
revealed that parent involvement for high and low performing pupils’ on socioeconomic
status and parents’ educational attainment do not have any bearing on the type of
parental involvement. And parenting type has a moderately substantial relationship with
higher academic performance. These pointed out to the conclusion that parental
involvement has a positive impact on pupils’ academic performance. It is suggested that
both the nurturing and supportive school and home environment should work mutually
in offering successful pupils; consequently, the research output, is the implementation
of Parenting Education in the chosen community as extension program in the university.

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PREDICTORS OF MATHEMATICS PERFORMANCE OF THE GRADE VI PUPILS OF CAUAYAN NORTHEAST DISTRICT: BASIS FOR INTERVENTION PROGRAM

Emily A. Valdez

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This is a descriptive-correlational study. Statistical analyses using frequency
and tally percent, mean, standard deviation, Pearson Moment Coefficient of Correlation
(r), and ANOVA were used to analyze the data. Findings indicate that pupils have
positive attitude towards the subject and majority have high self-confidence and high
success orientation but low confidence in defense orientation. Among so many factors
affecting the performance of pupils in Mathematics, result revealed that only the
Mathematics teacher was found to be significant predictor. Thus, this study proved
and strengthens the long-time belief that pupils’ success in learning greatly depends on
the teacher.

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REFLECTIONS FROM THE ANALYTIC GEOMETRY COURSES BASED ON CONTEXTUAL TEACHING AND LEARNING THROUGH GEOGEBRA SOFTWARE

Avni YILDIZ, Serdal BALTACI

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Contextual teaching and learning can fill the gap between abstract
mathematical concepts and real life practices. Analytic geometry is among the courses
which constitutes a gap in this regard. Moreover, when the relevant literature is
reviewed, it is seen that researches on analytic geometry mainly focus on achievement
and comparing the computer-aided software with other methods. In this context, this
study aimed to investigate “How elementary preservice mathematics teachers learn
cylindrical and spherical coordination in contextual teaching and learning environments,
supported by the GeoGebra software”. Case study was conducted. Eight preservice
mathematics teachers participated in the study. The instruments of the study were
composed of worksheets, semi-structured interviews and models, created through the
GeoGebra software. As a result of the study; it was revealed that preservice
mathematics teachers can learn cylindrical and spherical coordination in a meaningful
and permanent way.

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RISK TAKING BEHAVIOR AND DECISION MAKING STYLES OF CSU COLLEGE DEANS: A CASE OF MANAGERIAL ETHICS

Loraine Suyu-Tattao

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The risk taking behavior and decision making style of Cagayan State
University’s middle managers (the College Deans) is crucial in the process of its
development. Thus, this study investigated the decision making style of the deans and
the managerial ethics they employ. It made use of both quantitative and the qualitative
methods. Respondents were 15 college deans’ and 229 faculty members. Standardized
and self made questionnaires as well as interview guide were utilized. Results show that
majority of the deans display moderate risk taking behavior and normative decision
making style. They display high risk taking behavior in loading and promotion; they
utilize thinker decision making style and employ beneficence as managerial ethics. The
deans are caught in a dilemma on how to bring organizational results or show loyalty to
the top officials who designated them and on the other hand, how to maintain smooth
interpersonal relationship with their subordinates.

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SCHOOL LEADERS’ PERCEPTIONS ON INTERCULTURAL EDUCATION

Brian Vassallo

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The increasing diversity of students in our schools have brought school
leaders to realise the importance of investing their time and energy in Intercultural
Education. The paper examines the perception of eight successful school leaders in their
daily quest of weaving intercultural practices in their schools and highlights the factors
which contributed to this success. Interview analysis suggests that school leaders have
heightened awareness of need for Intercultural Education and emphasise the benefits to
other educational stakeholders. They stressed the need to channel more resources to fund
projects that enhance the multicultural environment of their schools and placed strong
emphasis on the need to train teachers in culturally responsive pedagogical practices.
The paper concludes by suggesting ways to augment research in intercultural education,
thus providing a strong knowledge base for future practitioners.

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STUDENT INTERACTION IN A TRADITIONAL COLLEGE CLASSROOM AND INTERACTIVE LEANING SPACE

David J. Roof

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This study examines the extent to which classroom structure helps create
opportunity for discussion, interaction, engagement, and effective use of instructional
technology. Prior research indicates that discussion and interaction are central elements
in fostering meaningful exposure to coursework as well as helping students in the course
access knowledge and contemplate issues. The research presented here compares a
‘traditional classroom’ with a designed ‘instructional learning space’. Data was collected
at the end of the semester through online scaled-questioner surveys and reveals significant
differences among the two classrooms in students’ reported interaction and engagement
with more slight variation in the effectiveness of instructional technology.

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STUDENT TEACHERS’ REASONS FOR CHOOSING A TEACHER EDUCATION PROGRAM AT ONE PUBLIC UNIVERSITY IN INDONESIA AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS

Muazza, Amirul Mukminin, Mia Aina, Rosmiati, Tiara Ariyanti

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this paper was to report some of findings from a larger study with more than
800 participants that explored the altruistic, intrinsic, and extrinsic reasons of student
teachers to become a teacher by choosing teacher education programs at one public
university in Jambi, Indonesia. Particularly, this paper was to present the survey
findings of the 65 male student teachers from all cohorts in one English education
program. The data of this study were collected through demographic backgrounds and a
questionnaire on student teachers’ reasons in choosing English study program. The data
indicated that a variety of reasons influencing student teachers to choose the English
study program. It was found that male student teachers were influenced more first by
the intrinsic reasons, followed by the extrinsic, and then the altruistic reasons. The paper
also discusses the implications of the findings and draws conclusions which may be
supportive to teacher education providers and policy makers on measures to recruit
prospective students to initial teacher education.

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STUDY ON DEVELOPING THE ASSISTING PROGRAM FOR CUSTOMIZED HOUSING DESIGN FOR THE ELDERLY

Junu HEO, Jae Hee CHUNG, Jong KIM

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This study aims to develop an assistance program for the customized housing
design for the elderly, which is based on the rapid growth of the elderly and the
increasing needs for better residential environment aroused by economic development
and growth in income level.
Today we are facing various problems resulted from rapid increase in worldwide the
elderly. In 2026, Korea will enter a super-aged society, which means 20% of population
will be the elderly. Aging phenomenon affects various industries quite a lot. It is also
making big change in the elderly housing market too. The elderly are not simply weak
and in financial need any more. Now they have high marketability and new value. The
elderly users tend to participate actively in designing the house.
In designing housing, bidirectional communication between users and architect is
essential. For this, users must have certain amount of knowledge in architecture and
need to express their requirements clearly. However, there are communication problems
resulted from the lack of architectural knowledge.
Therefore, this study sets its goal to develop the assisting program for customized
housing design for the elderly through harmonious communication with the elderly, the
future key users in the industry. For this, literature review related to the elderly,
interview, and user survey were conducted. Additionally, in-depth interview targeting
the elderly and architects was conducted to compensate the defect.
Based on this research, for the basic knowledge of architecture of the elderly users, a
learning model needs to be developed considering physical, psychological, and social
characteristics of the elderly, and a learning model suitable to the characteristics of the
groups needs to be proceeded. Also, the methods of participation and communication
need to be developed through proper combination of “design” and “selection for menu
and option”. In conclusion, this study suggests the direction of future research for
developing assisting program by the combination of the way of learning and
communication.
Through this study, it is possible to increase the quality of the elderly housing. Also
harmonious communication with architects through the assisting program will raise the
user satisfaction. In the future, the assisting program proposed in this study will be
developed to be applied to real users.

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TEACHER EDUCATION IN CHINA: TRAINING TEACHERS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY

Jimmy Jaston Kayange, Masauko Msiska

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The study explored the extent to which 21st first century skills are integrated
in the Chinese teacher education programme. This qualitative study was done at a
comprehensive normal university in China. Participants were the pre-service teachers
and professors from the teacher education programme. Results show that some 21st
century skills are fully integrated while other skills are partially integrated. It was also
established that there are challenges to the integration of 21st century skills. The study
recommends the extension of the practicum period and the abandonment of the old
lecture method in favor of new collaborative, team centered methods.

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TEACHERS EFFICIENCY IN USING MATERIALS IN ENGLISH CLASSROOMS: CASES FROM ELEMENTARY GRADES OF BANGLADESH

Sabiha Sultana, Md. Ashrafuzzaman

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Teachers, educators and researchers have been trying to find out some
innovative tactics to implement Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) successfully
in Bangladeshi context. In this regard, using supplementary teaching materials with
English lessons in classroom came to light. This study investigates the supplementary
materials used by the English teachers in primary classrooms and explores English
teachers’ efficiencies in using these materials. The data were collected, using interview
schedules for teacher and head teachers and classroom observation schedule, from
schools in Kapasia upazila and Paba upazila of Bangladesh where teachers were
provided with materials and Teachers’ Guides (TG) from a programme named English
in Action. Findings of the study reveal that the teachers have been using a number of
innovative technology based materials in the rural classrooms of Bangladesh.
Furthermore, teachers conduct several interactive activities accompanied by teaching
materials according to the activity guidelines written in the teachers’ guides. On the
contrary, sometimes teachers fail to get the activities done by students for different
reasons. Teachers’ psychological anxiety related to using technology in classrooms and
loads of work at schools are major barriers in reveling efficiency in using materials in
classrooms. In addition to that, students’ level of understanding and unfamiliarity of
technological materials make it difficult for teachers to implement innovative materials
successfully in English classrooms.

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TESTING THE USAGE OF THE APPLICATIVE EXAMPLES IN UNIVERSITY MATH TEACHING

Zuzana Hajduová, Jana Coroničová Hurajová, Roman Lacko

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The focus of this article is implementation and improvement of teaching
methods for the lessons of ‘Selected Chapters of Mathematics’ taught in the second
semester of the first year of bachelor studies for students of economical studies. To
discern the student’s knowledge level we purposely avoided the use of a standardised
test as it assesses mostly the current state of information knowledge. Bearing in mind
the first year students come from different types of secondary schools with markedly
differing curriculums, the standardised test does not provide adequate information about
the quality of the taught subject. We tested students from two academic years
undergoing teaching the classical way and also implementing new methods and trends
in the area of math didactics and quantitative methods.

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THE EXAMINATION OF TEACHER VIEWS ABOUT VARIOUS FACTORS RELATED TO APPLICABILITY OF THE MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE THEORY IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS

Cemil İNAN, Serdar ERKUŞ

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The purpose of this study was to examine the views of primary school
teachers about the applicability of the multiple intelligence theory based on variation of
gender, educational status, seniority and place of duty. This study is a mixed methodical
examination that use quantitative and qualitative research methods together in the
scanning model. The universe of the study consists of primary-school teachers who
work at public primary schools in the province of Diyarbakır in 2015-2016 academic
year. The sample consists of 100 village, 100 district, and 100 urbancenter, and a total
of 300 primary-school teachers in the province of Diyarbakır for the quantitative
dimension; and 5 village, 5 district, and 5 urban center, and a total of 15 primary-school
teachers in the province of Diyarbakır for the qualitative dimension. A survey form was
used to collect quantitative data for the present study, while semi-structured interview
form was used as data collection tool in the qualitative dimension. Study results
demonstrated that primary-school teachers had positive viewson the applicability of the
multiple intelligence theory in general.

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THE LEVEL OF CULTURAL SENSITIVITY OF THE HUMANITIES 1 CLASSES ON A FILM CONTENT DISCUSSION

Blessa Kay F. Caballero

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Abstract:

Teaching for diversity is enjoying emphasis in university environments. In
the heat of intellectual encounters, religious or other sensibilities could be offended.
Classroom discourse could lead in other directions such as perceived attacks against a
certain faith. As a social laboratory, the Mindanao State University—being the locale of
this study, offers itself as a site of struggle for competing discourses. Thus, this study
aims at knowing what is the general level of cultural sensitivity of these Humanities 1
classes of the said university in terms of 1) promoting freedom of expression, 2)
crippling family and social issues, 3) expressing truthfulness and equality, 4) channeling
classroom tension towards creativity, 5) fostering unity in diversity and 6) growing
through cultural accountability. These students were asked to view a film. As the
discussion went through, the levels of cultural sensitivity were rated. Twenty questions
were grouped according to the six themes. In conclusion, classroom ratings suggest that
classroom discussions are susceptible to clashes when students’ cultures are offended.
There seem to be a modicum of discourse about respect, tolerance, love and other
virtues as a relative thing that is depending on the culture of the people involved. The
classes showed varied results in dealing with the growing cultural accountability,
ranging from ‘highly a characteristic’ to a ‘more likely a characteristic’ of the
discussion.

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TOWARD A COHERENT CURRICULUM FOR SECONDARY CLINICAL TEACHER PREPARATION

Peggy D. Otto, Kandy Smith, Jana Kirchner

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Abstract:

In response to a national call in the United States for clinical-based models
for teacher preparation, this university partnered faculty from teacher education, history,
and English with teacher mentors from two partner high schools to design a clinically
based teacher preparation program for secondary social studies and English teacher
candidates. The relocation of teacher education from academia to local high-school
classrooms necessitated a challenging yet committed posture grounded in
constructivism and empowered through inquiry. This article 1) shares formative
findings from three semesters of implementation, 2) summarizes what teacher educators
learned about designing curriculum components for a clinical model, including
instructional rounds, an inquiry project, and reflective journals, and 3) describes some
challenges of implementing a clinical model for secondary teacher candidates. This
study of one university’s process of creating a curriculum for clinical teacher
preparation demonstrates the importance of a collaborative, inquiry-based approach
both for curriculum designers and teacher candidates. The most important lesson
learned for clinical curriculum design is that courses and lessons designed for a
university classroom on a university campus are ill-fitted for the immersion experience
afforded by a clinical teacher preparation program. Designing a clinical curriculum
required re-imagining how theory and praxis can be seamlessly blended in a coherent,
two-semester program delivered on-site in a partnering school. The authors demonstrate
how new elements, such as instructional rounds, and re-structured elements, including
research projects and reflective journals, are most successful when configured as a
cohesive, progressive process of inquiry into the practice of teaching.

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TOWARD DEVELOPING AND VALIDATING A MODEL FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF LEARNING OBJECTS

Razieh Rahmani

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Abstract:

The fundamental concern of present mix method study is developing a
valid model to implement Learning Objects (LO). LO is any digital resource that can
be used and reused to support learning (Wiley 2003). LO is one of the most important
and recent innovations in Instructional Technology which guides the next generation
with the potential of reusability, adaptability, productivity and durability (travel well)
of E- learning material. Investigation into Learning Object Repository (LOR) which
has plenty of LOs to select from and implementing the right one need some pointwise
criteria. The research presents and categories criteria to select LOs. In the first stage
qualitative content analysis was adopted to develop the LOs’ Implementation Model
(LOIM) and the LOs’ evaluation questionnaire then in order to validate the proposed
model a pretest -posttest experimental design was adopted. A total number of 72 B.Ed
students by purposive sampling technique were selected. Then the students were
taught through LOs which were selected base on criteria proposed in the LOIM. Lisrel
output of SEM technique to establish external validity of LO’s implementation model
indicated good fitness of LOIM on data. The models presented in the present study
unlock the doors to sustainable advantages of LO.

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USING REGRESSION ANALYSIS IN IDENTIFYING THE PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN THE BOARD EXAMINATION

Sheila A. Abaya, Danzel Anerfee D. Orig, Richard S. Montalbo

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Abstract:

This research focuses on developing a model prototype of predicting the
possible student passers from a pool of board takers. The project focused on the
performance of students who will take the board exam. Several attributes were included
and identified as variables for prediction such as academic grades, age, gender and preboard
scores. The research project identified who amongst the pool of board takers will
pass or fail the board exam and the passing percentage of the institution if it qualifies
the national passing rate. The model prototype served as a preparatory tool for board
takers to prepare for the examination and also an aid to the institution to plan and train
even more their students before taking the board exam. Prediction is incorporated in the
prototype using linear regression analysis of data mining. The predicted value was
validated using a machine learning tool to identify its accuracy.

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